When we talk about the Robots or Robotization, images like Hollywood Movies come to mind immediately. But these are not the robots that are displacing workers in many industries.
Those machines with gigantic armed arms that assemble cars or heavy equipment present in the construction of large infrastructure works. And even the precise devices to produce cell phones. And why not, they are also those washing machines with different washing programs. Or they are like the intelligent vacuum cleaner that identifies the types of surfaces and acts according to them.
How will ROBOTS Take Over the Jobs in the Future?
While technology, in general, has been a blessing for humanity. There is no doubt that its costs and the impact on the lives of billions have been dramatic. In fact, in the famous book “The second era of machines (2014)” predicts. That due to technology, in the future, millions of robots will get their jobs. According to the experts, machines no longer only perform repetitive and routine tasks. But they are more able to do things that once seemed impossible to us. The tasks are like driving vehicles, diagnosing illnesses or offering financial advice.
Human Vs. Robot:
According to figures from the 2016 report of the International Federation of Robotics, by the year 2019, the number of industrial robots installed in the world will increase to some 2.6 million units. That is, close to one million more units of there were in 2015, a record year for that industry. Seeing the disaggregated, about 70 percent of the robots are now deployed in the automotive, electronics/electrical, metals and industrial machinery sectors.
But as mentioned before, robots are not only in industries. They are also increasingly present in homes. Always according to the IFR, the number of robots in domestic households will increase. Such as those cleaning floors, lawn mowers, pool cleaners, among others will increase to 31 million. It will happen in between 2016 and 2019, representing sales of about 13,000 million of dollars in that period.
It is increasingly common for machines to perform routine tasks more quickly. And at a lower cost than human beings, and many of the activities that are now considered non-routine. Computers will take over jobs like translation, insurance underwriting or even diagnostics doctors.
Robots in the labor market are still incipient. There are already more and more studies that begin to support the idea that these devices increase productivity. Also, they will increase wages and even the total demand for labor. But, above all, benefit the most qualified workers at the expense of those who have qualifications and medium and low salaries.
How to face this reality of Robots?
The displacement of employment and the loss of jobs caused by technological change are an inseparable part of economic progress. Experts recognize that robots have reduced the need for people to perform tough, repetitive or dangerous tasks. Likewise, they have allowed the release of human and financial resources that can be reallocated to higher profitability sectors. This is especially appreciated in countries with a high number of baby boomers or in those where the population decreases. Or it could occur in professions where trained personnel are scarce. Distance medicine and automated diagnostics. For example, allow medical experts to serve many more people, even from a distance, in areas where doctors are lacking.
But the problem, as we see now, is that workers at different income and qualification levels do not benefit to the same extent. So the immediate result is that Robotization is increasing income inequality even more.
Experts believe that access to quality education and the development of skills from an early age can counteract the effect of robots on the labor market.
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