The number “seven” has a distinct place in Hindu mythology. This auspicious number represents the heavenly powers. One of the most prominent Upanishad (Hindu mythology Script) “Mundaka Upanishad” refers number seven as most auspicious. Mudak Upanishad is the script from where India Moto Line “satyamev Jayate” Has been taken. It refers to seven tongues, seven flames of Fire (Sapt Agni). The seven fires are:

  • Kali Agni (black flames),
  • manojav Agni (flames as swift as mind),
  • karali (fierce flames),
  • sulohita (iron red Flames),
  • sudhumravarna (smoky flames),
  • visharuch-devi (universally pleasing flames)
  • Sphulingini (cracking flames).

According to Indian Mythology God Surya (Sun) rides a chariot of seven horses which are seven days of a week. Some believe the horses are depiction seven energies of sun or seven colors by which sunlight is made.

According to Hindu mythology and tantra culture there are seven energies in the world. According to a story of Hindu mythology, Goddess Shakti manifested herself in seven forms of energies while fighting with Raktabeej (A demon who has power create one of his own kinds with every drop of his blood). These seven energies are of seven gods described in Hindu texts

  • Brahmi (Power of Lord Bramha)
  • Maheswari (Power of Lord Mahesh or shiva)
  • Kaumari (Power of Lord Kumar)
  • Vaishnavi (Power of Lord Vishnu)
  • Varahi (Power of Lord varah)
  • Narasimhi (Power of Lord Narsingh)
  • Aindri (Power of Lord Indra)

These are seven energies described in Indian Mythology and Devotees of tantra practice to get these energies in their body. This is believed that these seven energies are in everybody but one has to indentify it to feel the power imbedded in it.

SaptRishi (seven sages of Hinduism):

One another example of auspiciousness of number seven is the famous “saptarishis (seven sages of Hinduism)”. These sages are considered as the sons of Lord Brahma (They got birth from Head of lord Bramha).

These sages played an important role in bringing the Vedas, Upanishads and other texts on to earth. These sages Descended from the stars in the constellation called Urea Major to spread the knowledge of the Vedas in the world.

There are few other things which mention the auspiciousness of number 7. According to Hindu mythology there are seven Higher and seven lower world.

Seven Higher worlds

  • Satyalok
  • Taplok
  • Janalok
  • Maharlok
  • Suvhlok
  • Bhuvahlok
  • Bhulok(earth)

Seven lower worlds

  • Atal
  • Vital
  • Sutal
  • Talatal
  • Rasatal
  • Mahatal
  • Paatal

Few other interesting examples of seven

Music has very important place in Indian Mythology. Lord Rama told That Bhajan(Remembering god with music) is a Superior way to attain Moksha(salvation). There are seven key musical notes corresponding to the seven planes of consciousness


Ancient India had many major cities but few Hindu scripts described seven auspicious cities of India and called them:

Sapt Puri (Seven cities)

  • Ayodhya
  • Mathura
  • Maya(Haridwar)
  • Kashi
  • Kanchi
  • Avanti(Ujjain)
  • Dhawrka

Sapta-kshetra (seven battle fields)

  • Kuru -kshetra (where battle of Mahabharata Took Place a place near to Delhi)
  • Harihar -kshetra
  • Prabha- kshetra
  • Ram- kshetra
  • Bhunga- kshetra
  • Purushottama – kshetra
  • Sukar – kshetra

Seven Chkra:

  • Muladhar
  • Svadhisthan
  • Maniparva
  • Anhada
  • Vishuddha
  • Ajna
  • Sahastra

Sapt shareer-Kosh:

  • Anna
  • Pran
  • Man
  • Gyan
  • Vigyan
  • Tap
  • Bramha

These all above said proves that number seven has an important place in Hindu Mythology. In Hindu Marriage Groom and bride takes seven Vows of marriages while taking a seven steps together around The Agni (sacred fire). This is representation of Hindu belief that Marriage is a bonding of “seven janmas”. Couple takes seven Vows of marriage considering the seven types of Agni as Witness.

According to traditional belief, marriage is bond between a couple that lasts for seven lives. The seven vows of Indian Marriages are :

With First round around the fire groom takes the responsibilities of Bride and their family welfare. Bride in return takes the responsibility of House, children and food.

With Second vow Groom takes the responsibility to protect the bride and family with his all the strength and will. In return Bride promises to stand by him in all adverse situations. She also takes responsibility to fill his heart with courage and strength.

With Third vow Bride accepts the groom as her husband and promises that every man other than her husband is secondary for her now onwards. Her husband and family will be her universe. In return groom accepts Bride as his wife and promises to her to arrange all the happiness and prosperity for her and good nurture of their child.

With fourth vow, groom accepts that the bride has come in his life and has brought happiness and auspiciousness in life. He prays god to bless them with intelligent, healthy and beautiful Childs. In return, bride promises to bring harmony in family. She also promises to owe respect and care to all Family members of Grooms.

With Fifth Vow Groom accepts Bride as his soul mate and best friend. He promises to share all the issues with her. Bride Promises to give him the respect and love. She offers herself to her husband with mind body and soul.

With sixth round around the holy fire, groom wishes happiness and prosperity for life. He promises god to offer prayer regularly. Bride promises to take care of him and standing by him an all the situation.

With seventh Vow, bride and groom accept each other as Husband and wife. They accept each other with their conscious in name of God, Holy fire and Vedas. They promise to respect and love each other. They take promise around fire that their marriage and love is eternal and non-separable

With these seven vows Indian Marriages system announces bride and Groom as wife and husband.

The auspiciousness of Indian Marriages and number 7 is speechless and I find myself insignificant in describing the importance of the symbolism used in Indian Mythology. It was just an attempt to understand the true meaning embedded in the numbers and tradition.

Raja Kumar

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