Muthuraja are a community of landowners belonging to Tamil Nadu. In Tamil the word 'Muthu' means 'pearl' and 'Raja' means 'king'. They are also known as Mudiraj, Valaiyar, Mutharaiyar, Nayakkar, Ambalakkarar and Kudiyanavar. The marriage consists of various pre-wedding customs like Paalikali Thalippu. According to which seven clay pots are adorned with sandalwood paste and kumkum powder. The rituals take place at the groom residence or at a wedding hall. The bridegroom's family visits the house of the bride in a procession. They gift the bride with turmeric, coconut, plantain, betel leaves, flowers, dry fruit and sari marking the beginning of the ceremony. The date, time (usually 5 AM to 8AM) and the venue for the marriage are fixed. The wedding ceremony is held under the marriage canopy. The canopy is decorated with coconut leaves knit together. The Muthuraja brides wear the bridal attire similar to the Tamilian bride. The bride sits on the groom's right. The 'thalikettu' or tying the wedding knot is conducted where the thali is taken around in a plate to seek blessings. The groom then ties the thali around the bride's neck with help from sisters. Three knots are made and as it happens the conch shells are blown and nadaswaram is played in a high pitch. After the thali is tied the bride sits at the groom's left, facing east. Coconuts are broken and prayers are offered to the gods. The couple exchanges the garlands. The bride and groom then go around the sacred fire thrice. The newlywed couple then prostrate before elders and parents to seek blessings. Sumptuous wedding feast is served to guests on a banana leaf.